rat poisoning in pets
Most of the time, rats and mice are unwelcome in and around our houses, with the exception of those that are beloved pets. These pests are unwelcome for good reason.
Not only can they infest our homes and eat our food, making nests in our walls, they can also eat our outdoor crops and spread disease, such as the plague. Fortunately (or unfortunately, depending on how you look at it), rat and mouse poisons (rodenticides) are particularly effective. This is good, because it helps keep the rodent population under control, but bad because these substances are equally toxic to all other mammals, including your pets and children.
Every year, there are thousands of accidental poisonings of children and pets. Children and pets are particularly prone to accidental exposure because rodenticides are typically placed on the floor, where they provide easy access to ingestion. But with the right prevention, you can protect your pet and family.
How rat poison works
The most dangerous rodenticides work as anticoagulants by decreasing the amount of vitamin K in the body. Vitamin K is essential for blood clotting, therefore these types of poisons do not allow blood to form clots.
If your pet has been exposed (either by eating the poisons or eating a rodent who died from poisoning), you will likely not see signs for several days. Additionally, pets can have internal bleeding that is not readily apparent.
Symptoms of rodenticide poisoning are mostly due to blood loss (or anemia). You may see unexplained bleeding, like nose bleeds or bleeding gums. Typically pets seem very listless and lethargic, and will likely not feel like eating. Pale gums also signal blood loss.
What to do if your pet eats rat poison
If your veterinarian suspects rodenticide poisoning, he or she will do some blood tests to determine if your dog is able to form blood clots. Depending on how quickly poisoning has been found and how ill your dog or cat is, a blood transfusion may be needed. Fortunately, most pets can be saved if the poisoning is discovered.
Simply supplementing your pet’s vitamin K will allow her body to start forming blood clots again. Length of treatment depends on the type of rodenticide your pet was exposed to, but will typically last three or four weeks.
Avoid putting your pets and children at risk by banning rodenticides from your house. If you must use them, please use more humane trapping solutions, such as Havaheart® traps, in places where you are absolutely sure they cannot be reached by your two and four-legged children.
And to help protect your pets even further from unexpected accidents, protect them with a pet insurance plan that covers accidental poisoning or toxin ingestion.