Common health issues
- Atopy refers to skin allergies caused by inhaled or contact allergens. Just like us, our dogs can be allergic to pollen, dander, grasses and trees. Their allergies result in itchiness that can be seasonal or year-round. Affected dogs are prone to ear and skin infections. The condition varies in severity but is usually lifelong and often requires constant medical management.
Skin Fold Dermatitis
- Dermatitis is simply an inflammation of the skin. This is especially common in the skin folds of the Boston Terrier, where skin rubs together and moisture is trapped. The inflamed skin is prone to fungal and bacterial infection. Special attention should be paid to the skin folds, and daily cleaning is often recommended.
- Cataracts describes the transparency of the lens in the eye.While cataracts are a common finding in older dogs, many breeds, including Cavaliers, have a genetic predisposition to juvenile cataracts, i.e., occurring in young animals. Hereditary cataracts can occur as early as six months of age and progress to complete loss of vision by two years old. The good news is that most affected lenses can be treated surgically. Cost of treatment: $1,500 to $3,000 per lens.
- Brachycephalic Syndrome is a collection of conformational issues specific to short nosed pets, including narrowed nostrils, elongated soft palate, and a narrowed trachea, often resulting in respiratory problems. Clinical signs of this condition can be managed conservatively, but often surgery is needed to allow the dog to breathe easier.
- Demodex canis mites live on all healthy dogs. In the vast majority of cases they never cause a problem. However, some breeds can pass on an immune defect to their offspring that can result in a generalized proliferation of Demodex mites. The most common signs of demodectic mange are hair loss, scaling and irritation of the affected skin.