Common health issues
- Wobbler Syndrome results from instability of the vertebrae in the neck. Chronic compression of the spinal cord leads to weakness in the hind limbs, and if severe, can progress to weakness in the front limbs, as well. Wobbler syndrome can be managed medically if it is mild, but often requires extensive surgery and physical therapy to correct.
von Willebrand Disease
- von Willebrand's Disease is a blood clotting defect. There are three subcategories of the disease that vary in severity, and a blood test is available to measure the amount of von Willebrand factor (which aids with clotting) in the blood. This is recommended in all susceptible breeds prior to surgery to prevent possibly fatal consequences.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a cardiac condition that Boxers are prone to develop. In this adult onset disease, cardiac muscle responsible for pumping the heart is replaced with fatty tissue, leading to dysfunction of the heart, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. Medical treatment centers on normalizing the heart rate and rhythm.
Color Dilution Alopecia
- Color Dilution Alopecia is seen in dogs with a fawn or blue coat color. Affected dogs may start to show signs of hair loss and itchy skin within six months of age. The condition results in a poor, patchy hair coat and can progress to widespread hair loss. Affected dogs can lead a normal life with periodic symptomatic treatment.
- Chronic Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. If it severe enough to cause decreased liver function, affected dogs will have decreased protein production, a decreased ability to clear toxins from the blood and may have problems with bleeding due to low amounts of coagulation factors. Lifelong medical therapy is needed in severe cases.
- Cataracts describes the transparency of the lens in the eye.While cataracts are a common finding in older dogs, many breeds, including Cavaliers, have a genetic predisposition to juvenile cataracts, i.e., occurring in young animals. Hereditary cataracts can occur as early as six months of age and progress to complete loss of vision by two years old. The good news is that most affected lenses can be treated surgically. Cost of treatment: $1,500 to $3,000 per lens.