Common health issues
- This rare immune-mediated disease occurs in newborn kittens. When kittens with Type A blood nurse from a mother with type B blood, antibodies from the mother attach to the kitten's red blood cells and cause them to be destroyed, leading to anemia (low red blood cells). Affected kittens are born healthy, but fail to thrive.
- Just like in the dog, feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart walls become thickened, making it difficult for the heart to pump properly. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, and blood clots. Symptoms include heart murmurs and coughing, but sudden death can occur with no clinical signs.
Factor XI Deficiency
- <p>Factor XI deficiency is similar to hemophilia. Factor XI is one of the many factors needed for blood to adequately clot. When levels of this factor are diminished, uncontrolled bleeding can occur from wounds, blunt trauma, or during surgery. Special care should be taken to prevent injury in pets with Factor XI deficiency. Cats with this condition should be kept indoors.</p>
- Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
- As its name implies, polycystic kidney disease is a disease in which cysts form in the kidney. This causes them to be enlarged, and disrupts their normal function. Polycystic kidney disease generally leads to kidney failure. There is no specific treatment � supportive treatment for kidney failure improves quality of life.